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Non-Alcoholic Wines? How, Who and, most importantly, Why?
作者:    发布于:2015-10-22 17:13:44    文字:【】【】【

As ridiculous as it might sound to some of you winos out there, but there is a thing called non-alcoholic wine and the market for this suspicious product is growing. But who are these people, who actually drink 0% Vol wine and how is it any different from simply drinking grape juice?
无酒精葡萄酒,这种在酒鬼看来及其荒谬可笑的东西,却是真实存在的。而且市场上这种让人有些摸不着头脑的产品还有增长的趋势。但是究竟谁会去喝这种零酒精度的葡萄酒呢?如果喝这种无酒精葡萄酒,和喝纯葡萄果汁有什么区别?

The latter question has a simple answer. Grape juice is merely grapes that are pressed and then bottled whereas non-alcoholic wine actually undergoes the same process of fermentation and distillation like regular wine, only that before the wine is bottled, the alcohol is extracted. This extraction process is essentially the same process used to purify water. It’s called reverse osmosis and is, simply put, a machine that uses a filter made up of pores so tiny, that only alcohol and water can pass through them. The extracted water is then added back into the mixture and voila: dealcoholized wine is born! Well, at least mostly dealcoholized. Even though we call it non-alcoholic, a tiny amount of alcohol still remains. Usually less than 0.5%.
最后一个问题还是很容易回答的。葡萄汁,仅仅是葡萄压榨成汁后就装瓶而已。而无酒精葡萄酒的制作则更复杂。它还是和酿造葡萄酒的常规程序一样,要经历发酵,蒸馏等程序。但是在装瓶之前多了一个步骤,去掉了酒精。事实上这个过程和萃取纯净水一样,利用了一种反渗透技术。就是利用一种过滤孔只有毛孔大小的过滤器,而只有水和酒精才能通过。然后将过滤后剩下的成分加进经过萃取的纯净水,无酒精葡萄酒就大功告成了!当然,其实这样制作出的成品事实上并不能百分百剔除酒精,仍然有微量的酒精存在其中,通常酒精度为0.5%。

So we got the how. Now we get to the who and the why. One cannot deny the steadily increasing health consciousness in our society. Eating healthy, exercising, not smoking and inevitably not drinking alcohol has become more and more important to many of us. Organic food and exercise programs like “Crossfit” or “Zumba” are a burgeoning industries. The health benefits of drinking a glass of wine a day are widely known but, nonetheless, the alcohol it contains is still toxic. Therefore, some people resort to the “light” wine alternative. Also worth mentioning, non-alcoholic wine has almost no calories.
我们了解了无酒精葡萄酒是如何生产制作的,现在来看看是谁制作了和为什么要生产它这个问题。倡导健康生活,是现代社会中,我们越来越关注的事情。健康饮食,锻炼身体,戒烟戒酒的健康理念已经成为了许多人的生活常态。有机食品和现在流行的尊巴等健身舞等被迅速推广。所以即使人人都知道每天一杯葡萄酒对身体有益,但是其中所含有的酒精仍然对身体有一定害处。所以,一些人折中选择了这种“轻量级”葡萄酒。值得一提的是,这种无酒精葡萄酒几乎是不含热量的。

But pointing at health consciousness is only one part of the whole truth. Dealcoholized wine and, especially, sparkling wines also play a significant role in professional environments. Some wine producers have left the health package completely untouched and rather sell the “you won’t get wasted at work and will still be able to drive home” package.
健康意识确实是催生出无酒精葡萄酒的一个点,但是也并不是全部。脱酒精葡萄酒,尤其是起泡酒,也是让无酒精葡萄酒发展的一个重要因素。有些葡萄酒生产商完全抛开了健康的包装理念,而打着:“不浪费工作时间,酒后仍能开车回家”的宣传旗号。

But if non-alcoholic wines have to specifically marketed, what does that tell us about the actual taste? The short answer is: “Everything”. All jokes aside, the problem with dealcoholizing wine is not only can you not get buzzed anymore, but you also remove an important tool which delivers the aroma to your taste buds. Non-alcoholic wines tend to taste flat, less complex and lack tannins as it has been filtered out. No doubt, the industry has made remarkable achievements when it comes to flavor authenticity but it is still not quite the same as the old fashioned product. Non-alcoholic sparkling wines, however, can almost pass for the real thing because its carbonation conserves some of the lost aroma.
但是无酒精葡萄酒经过特殊的工艺后,我们还能够品尝到葡萄酒正真的味道嘛?可以肯定的回答你:“可以。”但是说真的,无酒精葡萄酒的确不会让你产生酒醉不适,但是多少还是会影响到他在你舌尖的香气。无酒精葡萄酒往往味道平淡,因为葡萄酒重要的单宁和一些复杂的味道被破坏。毫无疑问,这个全新的健康产品在市场上大受欢迎的同时,他的味道的确不如原始的葡萄酒。不过无酒精的起泡酒几乎可以以假乱真,因为起泡酒中的碳酸还是保留一些丢失的香气。

All in all, we will still have to wait for an authentic non-alcoholic alternative to wine personally, I think it can wait.
总而言之,我们还是可以等待不久的将来出现味道完全不失真的无酒精葡萄酒,而我相信这天很快就会到来。

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