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Terroir and Wine – Handing Mother Nature the Lore
作者:    发布于:2015-10-22 17:34:35    文字:【】【】【

We have talked a lot about the process of how good wines are made but have neglected one of the most important factors that influence the taste of a quality wine. The Soil. The soil in which the grapes grow is key to a great harvest and a great wine. That many wine connoisseurs can agree on. But exactly what influences the quality and taste of the grapes is still to be completely unraveled by science. Because as of now, when it comes to growing grapes, different philosophies reap great results. The European approach to the evaluation of the soil is to take its organic components into consideration. What minerals are in the soil that might leave traces in the final product? Is the ground made of limestone, granite, sandstone or something else? The American and Australian approach, however, is to focus more on the structure of the soil.
我们之前提到过很多如何酿制一瓶优质葡萄酒的方法。但是我们忽略了一个影响葡萄酒口感的一个非常重要的因素——土壤。一瓶伟大的葡萄酒,其所酿制用的葡萄所生长的土地如何,是最终葡萄酒成功的绝对关键之一。几乎所有的葡萄酒品鉴师都赞同这个观点,但是土壤究竟如何影响了葡萄酒的品质和口感,科学至今无法解析。所以目前为止,关于葡萄酒关于其种植葡萄的土壤,它的使用仍然是按照数百年上千以来的传承来做。而至今按照不同的传承,对土壤的理解也有不同。在欧洲,土壤的辨识评测方法是按照其中含有的有机成分。但是,是什么影响了成品的葡萄酒,在其中留下痕迹?是土壤中的石灰石,花岗岩,砂岩,或是其它一些成分?而美国和澳大利亚的方法则更多地专注于土壤的结构。

When it comes down to it, both philosophies are not wrong. There are a myriad of factors that play a role in the production of quality wines. Warm, loose, dry soils with just the right amount of organic materials for the plants to feast on are paramount for growing a healthy, savory grape. Additionally, the composition of a soil can give the final product a specific flavor note. In fact, the most successful grape varieties are grown on soils that would otherwise be less suitable for any other varieties. Port grows on granite and slate, Bordeaux on gravel, sand and clay soil, Mosel on slate soil and Chateauneuf-du-Pape likes a stony soil.
总而言之,长久以来形成的古老传承还是正确的,但是影响高品质葡萄酒的酿造,还有很多其他的因素。温暖,松散,干燥的含有适当有机矿物质的土壤能让种植在这之上的植物健康成长,结出美味的葡萄果实。而不同土壤的组成,会在最终葡萄酒的成品中形成特有的滋味。事实上,一块土地上能够成功完美的种植出一种葡萄品种,那么就不会再用它种植其它品种了。

So the soil is important but it would be too simple if that was all there is to growing a successful grape. Even though the romans were cultivating wine in Europe thousands of years ago, one cannot deny that the French took it to the next level quality wise. As a result, an interesting term, which has its roots in the French language, was coined: Terroir, meaning Land. But Terroir is more than just land and soil. It is a seemingly infinite number of factors that influence the wine’s taste before it is bottled. Moisture, day and night cycles, winds, sunlight, temperature, the soils ability to absorb water etcetera. All that is terroir.
土壤因素固然很重要,但是种植出优质的葡萄并不是仅仅只要有良好的土壤这么简单。罗马在数千年前就将葡萄的种植和葡萄酒的酿造在欧洲推广开来,但是不可否认,法国将葡萄酒的质量提升到了一个新的高度。法国人在葡萄酒领域创造了一个新词:Terroir,风土。即种植葡萄的土地区域。但是“Terroir”又不止仅限于土地区域和土壤。而是在葡萄酒装瓶之前影响其品质口感的众多因素集合。空气中的水含量,昼夜的周期,风,阳光,温度,土壤吸收水分的能力等等。这些都属于风土的范围。
This means that even though there are factors that we are able to control and influence during the production of wine, which takes years of experience to perfect, the foundation is already laid out before a single grape has sprung from the vine.
这些都意味着即使我们知道了哪些因素影响了高品质葡萄酒的酿造,仍然需要依靠长久以来的经验。要得到一瓶优质的葡萄酒的基础,并不是简单的只要有能够结出葡萄的葡萄藤而已。

 

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